Inputs of Rice

The main types of  inputs for rice farming include; seed/seedlings, fertilizers, fungicides and pesticides/machinery and equipment 

Seeds; Common varieties in Kenya includes "Sindano", highly susceptible to Rice Yellow Mottle Virus (RYMV) and "Basmati 217" highly susceptible to blast.Registered seed producers and distributors include; Breeders i.e.  KARLO-Kibos, KARLO- Mwea, MIAD;  Baobab Company in Coast, Seed merchants, Certified Seed Companies i.e. Kenya Seed Company.

Fertilizers; Irrigated system rice: 100kg/ha of DAP, Top dressing 100kg/ha CAN for black cotton soil or 100 -180kg/ha SA depending on soil conditions at 12-14 days after sowing. Rain fed: Basal 100kg/ha DAP, Top dressing – 90 kg/ha CAN.

Fungicides and pestcides; The most serious pests of rice are; Rice-sucking bugs, stink bugs (Aspavia spp, Nezera viridula), and Alydid bugs (Mirperus spp.and Riptortus spp) ,The African gall midge (Orseolia oryzivora), Storage pests (Sitophilus oryzae, Rhyzopertha dominica, Rice root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne graminicola), White tip nematode (Aphelenchoides besseyi).

Machinery and Equipment; the type and size of machine and equipment used in rice along the value chain will depend on the level of production; for small and medium scale  producers use sickles, rice mill and threshers; for the cooperatives they use combine harvesters, threshers and warehouses and millers uses combine harvester and big warehouses.